There’s a bit of a problem that we face when we speak of an absolute standard of knowledge, however. The problem is that we must be able to know the standard. Being that the
standard is a person (after all, knowledge is a personal thing, thus the standard must be an absolute person), that person must be knowable.
If that standard is in every way one, we face a huge problem:
1. That person is unknowable, because He is wholly other than we are.
2. That person is just like everything and everyone else.
The former presents us with a distant and unknowable god.
The latter presents us with a god who is just as we are, and which permeates everything. That is pantheism. In the end, that god is unknowable, too.
If this standard- this absolute person- is to be knowable, and the standard of knowledge, the problem of the diversity of knowledge enters into the picture. After all, knowledge is a multi-faceted thing.
We are faced with a body of knowledge that is both one and yet many.
Only the Holy Scriptures of the Christians- the Bible- can deal with this issue. Therein is found the Creator-God who is both one, and yet plural in His oneness.
Not only is He one, but plural: He is triune. God is a tri-unity. There is one God who is three persons. Not three gods in one body. Not three distinct gods. Not one god in three manifestations or disguises. One God who is by nature and in being one, and yet He is three in persons. Those persons are distinct, but not separate. They are one, yet distinct.
This is the glorious truth of the Trinity.
It is only in this epistemology that we can actually know anything with certainty; because it is only in Scripture that God is revealed as Triune and as a revealer of Himself.
God is knowable. God is the God of relationships and revelation, because He is the epitome of relationships in His triune being. He also reveals Himself to Himself at all times, and He has condescended to reveal Himself to us in His Son, His Spirit, His Word, and His world.
Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:26-28 shows us that God is both singular and plural. This doctrine is developed and further revealed throughout the Scriptures. Had it not been revealed, we could know next to nothing of Him. And if we had not the Scriptures to guide us, we would have no way to fashion a true theory of knowledge. Yet, having the truth of God revealed to us in the Scriptures, we know that He is the absolute person who is the standard of truth, and we have the ability to know through Him who is the One God in three persons.
Any attempt to look at this world apart from this understanding of knowledge is destined to go wrong. It is the fear of the LORD that is the beginning of knowledge ( Proverbs 1:7 ).